Kanai [née Kawahira], Kikuko
- Masakata Kanazawa
(b Okinawa, March 13, 1911; d Tokyo, Feb 17, 1986). Japanese composer. She studied singing at the Nihon Music School and composition with Shimofusa and Hirao at the Tokyo Music School, graduating in 1938, and became one of the first Japanese women composers. In 1954 she studied 12-note techniques with Koellreutter in Brazil while participating in the International Ethnomusicological Conference in São Paulo. Her musical style involves the extensive use of melodic material from Okinawa and Ryūkyū Islands. Her collection of folksongs, published as Ryūkyū no min’yō (‘Folksongs of Ryūkyū’) (Tokyo, 1954), won a Mainichi Prize of Cultural Publication (1955); her opera Okinawa monogatari was awarded a prize by the Okinawan government (1968).