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Xylophone (from Gk. xylon: ‘wood’; Fr. xylophone, claquebois; Ger. Xylophon, Holzharmonika; It. silofono)locked

  • Lois Ann Anderson,
  • James Blades,
  • James Holland,
  • George List
  •  and Linda L. O’Brien-Rothe


Percussion instrument consisting of two or more bars of graduated length.

The xylophone may take several different types of construction and form: a set of bars of tuned bamboo, wood or synthetic material, logs or tubes, supported at two nodes of vibration and struck with sticks. There may be one resonator for the instrument (a pit or trough), or there may be individual resonators for each ‘key’. (For similar instruments made of stone or metal, ...

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J. Blades: Percussion Instruments and their History (London, 1970, 2/1974)
M. Praetorius: Syntagma musicum, i (Wittenberg and Wolfenbüttel, 1614-15, 2/1615/R); ii (Wolfenbüttel, 1618, 2/1619/R; Eng. trans., 1986, 2/1991); iii (Wolfenbüttel, 1618, 2/1619/R)
M. Mersenne: Harmonie universelle
M. Praetorius: Theatrum instrumentorum [pt ii/2 of PraetoriusSM]
C. Sachs: The History of Musical Instruments (New York, 1940)
Revue de musicologie
Latin American Music Review