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Xylophone (from Gk. xylon: ‘wood’; Fr. xylophone, claquebois; Ger. Xylophon, Holzharmonika; It. silofono)locked

  • Lois Ann Anderson,
  • James Blades,
  • James Holland,
  • George List
  •  and Linda L. O’Brien-Rothe


Percussion instrument consisting of two or more bars of graduated length.

The xylophone may take several different types of construction and form: a set of bars of tuned bamboo, wood or synthetic material, logs or tubes, supported at two nodes of vibration and struck with sticks. There may be one resonator for the instrument (a pit or trough), or there may be individual resonators for each ‘key’. (For similar instruments made of stone or metal, ...

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M. Praetorius: Syntagma musicum, i (Wittenberg and Wolfenbüttel, 1614-15, 2/1615/R); ii (Wolfenbüttel, 1618, 2/1619/R; Eng. trans., 1986, 2/1991); iii (Wolfenbüttel, 1618, 2/1619/R)
M. Praetorius: Theatrum instrumentorum [pt ii/2 of PraetoriusSM]
Revue de musicologie
J. Blades: Percussion Instruments and their History (London, 1970, 2/1974)
M. Mersenne: Harmonie universelle
Latin American Music Review