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date: 27 October 2020

Trumpet (Fr. trompette; Ger. Trompete; It. tromba)locked

  • Margaret Sarkissian
  •  and Edward H. Tarr


(Fr. trompette; Ger. Trompete; It. tromba)

A lip-vibrated aerophone. The term is used not only for the modern Western instrument and its ancestors, but also generically to denote some or all of the lip-vibrated wind instruments, depending on the system of classification.

See also Organ stop.

In the Hornbostel-Sachs classification system (1914), the term ‘trumpet’ is applied to any instrument in which ‘the airstream passes through the player's vibrating lips, so gaining intermittent access to the air column which is to be made to vibrate’. This category is then divided into two subgroups; natural trumpets (‘without extra devices to alter pitch’) and chromatic trumpets (‘with extra devices to modify the pitch’). Further subdivisions are made on the basis of body shape (conch shell or tubular) and method of playing (side-blown or end-blown) in the case of natural trumpets, and of pitch-alteration method (fingerholes, slides or valves) and shape of tubing (conical or cylindrical) in the case of chromatic trumpets....

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Early Music
Trier, Stadtbibliothek
M. Praetorius: Theatrum instrumentorum [pt ii/2 of PraetoriusSM]
Monatshefte für Musikgeschichte
C. Sachs: The History of Musical Instruments (New York, 1940)
Galpin Society Journal
Die Musikforschung
Zeitschrift für Musikwissenschaft
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart
Brass and Woodwind Quarterly
M. Praetorius: Syntagma musicum, i (Wittenberg and Wolfenbüttel, 1614-15, 2/1615/R); ii (Wolfenbüttel, 1618, 2/1619/R; Eng. trans., 1986, 2/1991); iii (Wolfenbüttel, 1618, 2/1619/R)
Gesellschaft für Musikforschung: Kongress-Bericht [1950-]
Journal of Research in Music Education
Annales musicologiques
Acta musicologica
M. Mersenne: Harmonie universelle
Music & Letters
Revue musicale
Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association
Tijdschrift van de Vereniging voor Nederlandse muziekgeschiedenis [and earlier variants]
Hamburger Jahrbuch für Musikwissenschaft
Musical Quarterly
Allgemeine (deutsche) Musik-Zeitung/Musikzeitung (1874-1943)
A. Lavignac and L. de La Laurencie, eds.: Encyclopédie de la musique et dictionnaire du Conservatoire
The New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments
Nuova rivista musicale italiana
Archiv für Musikwissenschaft
Historical Brass Society Journal
Beiträge zur Musikwissenschaft
S. Virdung: Musica getutscht (Basle, 1511/R)
Neue Zeitschrift für Musik
Monthly Musical Record
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America