Raimon de Miraval
- Theodore Karp
(fl 1185–1229). Troubadour. Although his name appears in documents of 1157–1229, these apparently refer to two persons, possibly father and son; it is thus difficult to determine the approximate birthdate of the poet. A member of the lesser nobility, Raimon shared with three brothers a small castle at Miraval, north of Carcassonne. This was taken by the Albigensian crusaders in either 1209 or 1211, and Bel m’es qu’ieu chant e condey refers to its loss. Raimon received the patronage of Count Raimon VI of Toulouse (alluded to in his poetry as ‘Audiart’) and Viscount Raimon-Rogier of Béziers (‘Pastoret’). He was familiar with Uc de Mataplana, and, like Aimeric de Peguilhan, he visited the courts of Pedro II of Aragon and Alfonso VIII of Castile (perhaps in the company of Raimon VI, following the latter’s defeat in 1213). According to his vida he died in a monastery at Lérida. Various noble ladies and men are mentioned in Raimon’s poetry under fictitious names. Raimon Vidal and Matfre Ermengaut regarded Raimon de Miraval as the embodiment of the courtly lover, and two of his works are cited by Berenguier de Noia. Francesco da Barberino indicated that a story by Raimon provided the basis for one of his own, but Raimon’s work has apparently not survived....