- Keith Howard
(b Ch′ŏngju, Nov 30, 1945). Korean composer. After studying at Seoul National University and the Hochschule für Musik in Freiburg, she taught composition in Graz, Karlsruhe and Bremen; she has received awards in Basle, Paris and Seoul. Her compositional identity emerged largely after she arrived in Germany in the early 1970s to study with Klaus Huber. In Dreisam-Nore (1975), her first acknowledged piece, her preoccupation with flux allows the solo flute to move from a serial melody to ornamentation and lyricism. Reflecting a personal struggle between the conservatism of Korea and the avant garde of Europe, it takes its name from Freiburg’s river and the Korean word for song. Integral to her next piece, Man-Nam I (‘Meeting’, 1977), is what she describes as ‘tone space’ and ‘infinity of tone’, whereby instruments are woven around a common lyrical thread; ornamentation provides contrast, much as it does in traditional Korean music, and the horizontal focus reduces any need for a harmonic framework. This work reflects both her political exile from military dictatorship in Seoul and her new life in Europe....