Embouchure (Fr. embouchure; Ger. Ansatz; It. imboccatura)
- Gerald B. Webster,
- Frankie Kelly
- and Jerry Voorhees
(Fr. embouchure; Ger. Ansatz; It. imboccatura)
The coupling mechanism, during the playing of a wind instrument, between the air supply of the player and the instrument. Embouchure is a matter of such vital importance that its nature will influence the wind instrument player’s progress and ultimate capability as a musician. Problems of embouchure are almost always dental in origin, that is, they are related to the teeth, jaws, mouth and so forth.
The embouchure is one of three parts of a physical complex, the other two being the air supply mechanism of the player and the management of the air within the instrument during playing. It consists of a superstructure which includes the muscles of the lower part of the face, converging around the lips, as well as the lips themselves. The muscles operate upon an underlying supporting structure which incorporates the jaws and teeth (fig.1 ). On both of these structural schemes depend the ease with which the player is able to blow the instrument, the position in which the mouthpiece is placed, the quality of tone produced, the player’s ‘embouchure comfort’ and ‘embouchure potential’....