- Jann Pasler
The nickname of an informal Parisian group of musicians, poets, painters, critics and music lovers. Members of the group, born mostly in the mid-1870s, included the composers Ravel, Delage, Séverac, Ladmirault, Florent Schmitt, Edouard Bénédictus and (after 1910) Igor Stravinsky, as well as the pianist Ricardo Viñes, the conductor and composer D.E. Inghelbrecht, the poets Léon-Paul Fargue and Tristan Klingsor and the critics Emile Vuillermoz and M.-D. Calvocoressi. In their independence, their creative freedom and their desire to revolutionize conventional norms, some thought they resembled American Indians, anarchists, or the similarly-named hoodlums from Belleville who roamed the grands boulevards at night.
It was music, especially Debussy's Pelléas et Mélisande, that first drew the group together. They attended each performance of the opera in spring 1902 as a kind of sacred battalion to assure a positive response. They then began to meet on Saturday nights at the Montmartre apartment of the set-designer Paul Sordes. From ...