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Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Il′yich locked

  • Roland John Wiley

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(b Kamsko-Votkinsk, Vyatka province, 25 April/May 7, 1840; d St Petersburg, 25 Oct/Nov 6, 1893). Russian composer. He was the first composer of a new Russian type, fully professional, who firmly assimilated traditions of Western European symphonic mastery; in a deeply original, personal and national style he united the symphonic thought of Beethoven and Schumann with the work of Glinka, and transformed Liszt’s and Berlioz’s achievements in depictive-programmatic music into matters of Shakespearian elevation and psychological import (Boris Asaf′yev)....

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Musical Quarterly
Die Musikforschung
Yezhegodnik imperatorskikh teatrov
Muzïkal 'naya akademiya
Revue de musicologie
Revue belge de musicologie
Neue Zeitschrift für Musik
Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association
Musical Times
Musik und Gesellschaft
Russkaya muzïkal 'naya gazeta
Music Review
Music Analysis
Music & Letters
19th Century Music
Sovetskaya muzïka
Muzïkal 'nïy sovremennik