Gar-dpon, Pa-sangs Don-grub
- Isabelle Henrion-Dourcy
(b Pa-snam dBang-ldan, 1918; d Lhasa, 1998). Tibetan gar master. He was selected at the age of nine to be a gar dancer at the court of the 13th Dalai Lama and became teacher of the troupe at 21 and director at 32, while studying literature with dGe-‘dun Chos-‘phel. He worked as a lay official (zhol-drung) in the ‘old’ (pre-communist) Tibetan government and was the first gar master to be promoted to the seventh rank of its administrative hierarchy. He developed the instrumental technique of the gar tradition. In 1982, after more than 20 years in prison, he initiated the resurrection of gar music and dances and was appointed music teacher at Tibet University (Lhasa). With bSod-nams Dar-rgyas Zhol-khang, he was regarded as an authority on various kinds of folksongs, sitting at most of the government conferences on traditional Tibetan performing arts. In 1985 and 1997...