Adémar de Chabannes
- James Grier
(b 988/9; d Jerusalem, 1034). French monk, composer of liturgical music and scribe. He was associated with the abbey of St Martial in Limoges. Born into a family with strong ties to the ecclesiastical hierarchy of Limoges, Adémar was pledged as an oblate to the abbey of St Cybard in Angoulême, probably before 1000. By 1010 he was at the monastery of St Martial, where he studied history, computus, liturgy and music under the tutelage of his paternal uncle Roger of Chabannes, later cantor at the abbey. After a failed attempt to become abbot of St Cybard, he returned to St Martial in 1028, where he supported the pilgrims’ tales about the apostolicity of Martial and pressed for its official acceptance. As part of his promotion of the idea, Adémar wrote a new liturgy for the saint’s feast, consisting of both Office and Mass. Much of the music for the feast is borrowed and adapted from the existing episcopal liturgy, but Adémar also contributed several original compositions, including the Proper chants of the Mass, Proper tropes for the introit, offertory and communion, a Gloria trope, one untexted sequence and several items for the Office. Adémar’s music for the feast is preserved in a manuscript (...