Cantus eugenianus [cantus melodicus; melodía]
- Wolfgang Freis
[cantus melodicus; melodía]
The practice of plainchant embellishment used at Toledo Cathedral in Spain between the 15th and 19th centuries. Traditionally attributed to St Eugenius (d 657), Archbishop of Toledo, cantus eugenianus was performed with the versicles and responsories of the Office, and the gradual and antiphons of the Mass on ferias, as well as during the Christmas Eve liturgies of the Songs of the Sibyl and the Shepherds. A prebend for a claustrero and maestro de melodía in charge of cantus eugenianus and responsible for teaching it to the seises (choirboys) was established in 1448. Notated examples written by the 18th-century maestro de melodía Gerónimo Romero de Avila are extant; they consist of simple melodic and rhythmic formulae of divisions of chant notes in duple metre (for ferias) and in triple metre (for feasts).L. Serrano: ‘Historia de la música en Toledo’, Revista de archivos, bibliotecas y museos, 11 (1907), 219–43...