Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 24 August 2019


  • J. Peter Burkholder


Many musical compositions incorporate material from one or more earlier works. The procedures and significance of borrowing vary between repertories and over time. The history of borrowing in Western music has yet to be written, but its general outlines can be traced through the repertories that have been studied.

A new piece may use or refer to existing music in various ways. It may feature qualities identified with another tradition, as when a modern symphonic work incorporates sounds and gestures from jazz or Baroque music. A piece for one instrument may use figuration typical of another, such as fanfares in a piano sonata. Within a tradition, a piece may use common melodic formulae and formal conventions. Most broadly, all music draws on the repertory of notes, scales, gestures and other elements available in that tradition, so that every piece borrows from earlier pieces in its own tradition. Thus in the widest sense the history of borrowing in music is the history of improvisation, composition and performance....

Access to the complete content on Grove Music Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.

Musical Quarterly
Tijdschrift van de Vereniging voor Nederlandse muziekgeschiedenis [and earlier variants]
Die Musikforschung
Music Review
Perspectives of New Music
Music & Letters
Annales musicologiques
Acta musicologica
Studia musicologica Academiae scientiarum hungaricae
Deutsches Jahrbuch der Musikwissenschaft
Revista de musicología
Revue belge de musicologie
Journal of the American Musicological Society
Current Musicology
Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association
Anuario musical
Nuova rivista musicale italiana
Black Perspective in Music
Dansk aarbog for musikforskning
Faenza, Biblioteca Comunale Manfrediana, Raccolte Musicali
Modern Music
Chartres, Bibliothèque Municipale
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart
Early Music History
Journal of the Royal Musical Association
Neue Zeitschrift für Musik
Archiv für Musikwissenschaft
Musica disciplina
Journal of Musicological Research
Mozart-Jahrbuch [Salzburg, 1950-]
Musical Antiquary
Journal of Musicology
Analecta musicologica
Musical Times
Zeitschrift für Musikwissenschaft
Early Music
Beiträge zur Musikwissenschaft
19th Century Music
Studien zur Musikwissenschaft
London, British Library
Revue de musicologie
International Review of the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music
Music Analysis