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date: 22 February 2020

Second Viennese Schoollocked


A term used most often to refer collectively to Schoenberg, Berg and Webern, though sometimes understood more broadly to include Schoenberg’s other Viennese students of the period before World War I (such as Wellesz, Jalowetz, Karl Horwitz and Erwin Stein) and even composers who studied later with Schoenberg in Berlin (such as Skalkottas). While the idea of a school constituted by Schoenberg, Berg and Webern harbours the obvious danger of minimizing the individuality of each composer’s achievement, evidence of a strong commonality of purpose is provided by their close, if frequently strained, personal association (at least up until Schoenberg’s move to Berlin in 1925), their joint public activities (for instance in the Verein für Musikalische Privataufführungen) and their parallel but distinct explorations of Atonality and Twelve-note composition , practices which became central to the evolving historical definition of the school. While Second Viennese School has proved the most enduring designation in English-language texts, a number of other terms have enjoyed currency, including Young Viennese School (possibly the earliest in provenance, employed by Wellesz as far back as ...

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Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart
Bulletin français de la S.I.M. [also Mercure musical and other titles]
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