Raschenau, Maria Anna [Marianna] von
- Janet K. Page
(b Vienna, Austria, bap. Oct 16, 1644 or b. c1650; d Vienna, June 4, 1714). Austrian composer and Chormeisterin. The daughter of an imperial court employee, she received a broad education, including languages, philosophy, theology, history, and music. She excelled in the latter, composing, singing, and playing organ, harpsichord, lute, guitar, violin, viol, and transverse flute. In 1669 she was awarded a court stipend to further her education, and she began to serve the imperial couple (Holy Roman Emperor Leopold and his first wife, Margarita Teresa of Spain) as a musician. Around 1672 she entered the Augustinian convent of St. Jakob auf der Hülben in Vienna, an institution noted for excellent music; in 1710 she was Chormeisterin there.
Raschenau probably composed music for the sacred services, but none is known to survive. Between 1694 and 1710 she composed at least six large-scale musical works for performance on the feast day of St. James the greater, 25 July, when the imperial family customarily visited the convent. These works include oratorios and ...