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date: 22 August 2019

Wilhelmine [Wilhelmina; Sophie Friederike Wilhelmine], Princess of Prussia, later Margräfin of Bayreuth locked

  • Diana Ambache
  •  and Martha Furman Schleifer


(b Berlin, July 3, 1709; d Bayreuth, Oct 14, 1758). German composer . She was the daughter of Frederick William I and a favourite sister of Frederick , with whom she shared a great interest in music. She lived in Bayreuth after her marriage to Margrave Frederick of Bayreuth in 1731 and the 30 years of cultural liveliness that followed there were due to her cheerful and musical personality; she and her husband built the superb Baroque opera house that attracted Wagner to the town a century later. Her compositions include the opera Argenore (1740; lost), six arias for Andrea Bernasconi’s L’huomo and a keyboard concerto in G minor. The concerto is scored for strings with obbligato flute and could have been played with either her brother or her husband as the flautist. Her love of the music of J. S. Bach is manifest in the vigorous first movement, while the second and third movements show that she could be equally expressive in the natural simplicity of slow music and the more artful ornamented style of French gavottes....

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A.I. Cohen: International Encyclopedia of Women Composers