Show Summary Details

Page of
PRINTED FROM Oxford Music Online. © Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single article in Oxford Music Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

Kallinikos, Theodouloslocked

  • Nicoletta Demetriou

(b Lefkonoiko, May 5, 1904; d Nicosia, May 10, 2004). Cypriot church cantor, Byzantine music scholar, and folk song collector and singer. He studied Byzantine music with Stylianos Hourmouzios in Nicosia (1921–4). He continued his studies in Byzantine music with Ioannis Sakellarides and Spyros Kapsaskis at the National Conservatoire of Athens, where he also studied Western music (1933–4). In 1935 he was appointed chief cantor (protopsaltis) at Agios Ioannis, the archiepiscopal cathedral in Nicosia, where he remained until the end of his life. In 1934 he became the first person to make commercial recordings of Cypriot folk songs. The ten songs he recorded were issued by HMV in Athens. In 1951 he published Kypriaki Laïki Mousa (Cypriot Popular Muse), the largest collection of Cypriot folk songs up to that time, which contained 83 transcriptions in both Byzantine and staff notation.

As a Byzantine music scholar he published 13 books, which covered different aspects of liturgical chanting. He was also the founder of a Byzantine music school in Nicosia (1937; under the aegis of the Archbishopric of Cyprus since 1950), and a Byzantine music teacher at Cyprus’ Hieratic School. After 1960 he recorded Byzantine chant and Cypriot folk songs widely for the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation. His frequent radio appearances established his influence in both fields. Among his many awards were the honorary title ‘Archon Protopsaltis’ by the Church of Cyprus (1977), the Prize of the Academy of Athens (1978), and the Prize of Excellence in Letters and Arts by the Republic of Cyprus (1993).


  • Paidika Tragoudia [Children’s Songs] (Nicosia, 1937)
  • Polychronismoi [Polychronisms] (Nicosia, 1939)
  • Neon Anastasimatarion [New Anastasimatarion] (Nicosia, 1943)
  • Ethniki Psalmodia [National Psalmody] (Nicosia, 1948)
  • Kypriaki Laïki Mousa [Cypriot popular muse] (Nicosia, 1951)
  • Diafora Voithimata [Various guidelines] (Nicosia, 1954)
  • Doxastarion (Nicosia, 1956)
  • Methodikos Odigos [Method guide] (Nicosia, 1959)
  • Mousikos Leitourgikos Thisavros [Musical liturgical treasure] (Nicosia, 1973)
  • Eirmologion [Heirmologion] (Nicosia, 1976)
  • I Agia kai Megali Evdomas [The Holy and Great Week] (Nicosia, 1977)
  • Mega Theoritikon Ekklisiastikis Vyzantinis Mousikis [The great theory of Byzantine church music] (Nicosia, 1977)
  • Triodion kai o Akathistos Ymnos [Triodion and the Akathist hymn] (Nicosia, 1978)
  • Pentikostarion to Harmosynon [Pentecostarion the joyful] (1979)
  • Nekrosimos Akolouthia [Funeral service] (1984)


Folk Songs from Cyprus B’ (Nicosia, n.d. [1934])

Megali Evdomas [Holy Week], EMI Greece KRP 1–5 (Athens, 1970?)

Folk Songs from Cyprus A’ (Nicosia, n.d. [1973])

Bibliography and Other Resources

  • Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation: ‘Theodoulos Kallinikos’ (TV documentary, 1983)
  • T. Kalogeropoulos: Lexiko tis Ellinikis Mousikis: Apo ton Orfea eos Simera [Dictionary of Greek music: from Orpheus until today] (Athens, 1998), vol.2, 530
  • Cyprus Education Institute: ‘Theodoulos Kallinikos’ (video documentary, 1999)
  • A. Koudounaris: Viografikon Lexikon Kyprion, 1800–1920 [Biographical dictionary of Cypriots, 1800–1920] (Nicosia, 2010), 212–13