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date: 11 November 2019

Crane, Julia E(ttie)locked

  • Margaret William McCarthy
  • , revised by Sondra Wieland Howe


(b Hewitville, NY, May 19, 1855; d Potsdam, NY, June 11, 1923). American educator and administrator. After graduating from Potsdam Normal School (New York) in 1874, she taught in the Potsdam public schools and at Shippensburg (Pennsylvania) Normal School and Potsdam Normal School. In 1886 she founded the Crane Normal Institute of Music in Potsdam, the first institution for training music supervisors in the United States. The institute provided specialized training in music; general knowledge in psychology, education, and teaching methodology; and practical experience in classroom teaching. This institution is now the Crane School of Music, part of the State University of New York at Potsdam, with a mission of educating music teachers with an emphasis on excellence in music performance.

Crane’s Music Teacher’s Manual (1887–1923) was a guide to the major published textbook series. It promoted music as an aid for the physical, mental, and moral culture of students in common schools. Throughout her career Crane worked to improve the quality of school music through her lecturing, teaching, and involvement in professional organizations. She was a vice president of Music Supervisors National Conference (...

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Journal of Research in Music Education