Nichols [Daniell], Caroline B.
- Anna-Lise P. Santella
(b Dedham, MA, 1864; d Boston, MA, Aug 17, 1939). American violinist, conductor, and founder of the Fadette Ladies’ Orchestra (also known as the Fadettes Womans Orchestra of Boston). She was one of the first American women to support herself for most of her career as a conductor. The second of four children of a musical father, Nichols studied violin with Julius Eichberg, Leopold Lichtenberg, and Charles Loeffler; and music theory and orchestration with Percy Goetschius and J.B. Claus. She began her career as a violinist. She was a founding member of the Marion Osgood Ladies Orchestra, founded by Osgood in Boston in 1884, but she soon broke off from that group and, with Ethel Atwood and four others, founded the Fadette Ladies’ Orchestra in October 1888. Although the orchestra began as a sextet with Nichols as first violin, it quickly expanded into a full-fledged chamber orchestra. Nichols soon abandoned the concertmaster’s chair and took up the conductor’s baton. Nichols led the Fadettes for their entire lifespan of more than thirty years, performing thousands of concerts across the United States, Canada and Europe, most notably as headliners on B.F. Keith’s vaudeville circuit....