- Jean Dickson
The orquesta típica is a Latin American ensemble that integrates “typical” or regional instruments with standard European orchestral instruments in performances of folk and popular music. Probably its first published use was in Cuba in the 1870s, to describe Miguel Faílde’s danzόn band, consisting of a cornet, a valve trombone, a figle (ophicleide), two C clarinets, two violins, a contrabass, timbales, and a güiro. In Argentina the term was used for tango bands. The famous Mexican Typical Orchestra was formed in August 1884 by musicians at the Conservatorio of Mexico City, directed by Carlos Curti. It combined bandolones, guitars, salterios, and sometimes marimbas and native percussion instruments, with violins, bass viol, and cellos, often with female dancers and singers. In March 1885 the Orquesta Típica Mexicana performed in New Orleans, joining an outstanding Mexican regimental band, at the World International Industrial and Cotton Exposition, where they were received with great acclaim, followed by a successful tour of the USA....