- Martha Furman Schleifer
A commemorative exhibition established by Act of Congress on 3 March 1871, officially called the “International Exhibition of Arts, Manufactures, and Products of the Soil and Mine.” Marking the centennial of the Declaration of Independence, it took place in Philadelphia from 10 May to 10 November 1876. Seventeen states and 37 foreign countries accepted invitations to participate, and nearly 10 million visitors viewed 30,864 exhibits in 249 buildings, built on 285 acres of Fairmount Park overlooking the Schuylkill River. Horticultural Hall and Memorial Hall became permanent additions to the park. The site had independent mail, sewer, water, and telegraph systems and the first monorail in North America. New products presented included Bell’s telephone, the Remington Typographic Machine (typewriter), Heinz Ketchup, Wallace-Farmer Electric Dynamo (precursor to the electric light), and Hires Root Beer. The exhibition showcased the United States as an industrial power and Philadelphia as a city of culture and industry....