- Paul C. Echols
American family of musicians, composers, and music publishers active in Ohio during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Augustus D. Fillmore (1823–69) was a frontier preacher in Illinois before settling with his family in Cincinnati during the 1840s. He composed hymn tunes and revival songs and compiled a number of tunebooks using both shape-notes and a numerical notation system of his own invention; the most widely circulated were The Christian Psalmist (Cincinnati, 1847), edited with Silas W. Leonard, and the Harp of Zion (Cincinnati, 1865). Three of Fillmore’s seven children took up music as a profession, jointly founding in the 1870s the publishing house of Fillmore Brothers, which specialized in educational, band, and church music (the firm became Fillmore Music House about the turn of the century and was acquired by Carl Fischer in 1951). The eldest and most prominent of the three was James Henry Fillmore (...