- William Geoffrey Shaman
(b Budapest, Hungary, July 9, 1892; d Flemington, NJ, April 4, 1936). American violinist, conductor, and composer of Hungarian birth. After graduating from the National Hungarian Royal Academy of Music, he served briefly as concertmaster of the Budapest State SO. He settled in New York in 1914, where he became second violinist in the Letz Quartet (1917–21), conductor of various local ensembles (1922–3), and co-founder in 1922 of the Lenox String Quartet, with which he played until 1925. He then conducted the Omaha SO until 1930, spending the 1927–8 season as an American delegate to the ISCM in Frankfurt am Main and as a guest conductor with European orchestras. He assumed permanent directorship of the Musicians’ SO for the Unemployed in New York City in the early 1930s, and in the two years before his death was professor of music at Bard College in Annandale, New York. An ardent champion of American music, Harmati was also a founding member of the American Music Guild in ...