Leipold, John (Max)
- Warren M. Sherk
(b Hunter, NY, Feb 26, 1888; d Dallas, TX, March 8, 1970). American composer, arranger, and conductor. He was largely self-taught as a musician, although he later studied composition with Ernst Toch in Los Angeles. In New York, he conducted vaudeville and light opera from 1912 to 1922, before spending four years as musical director for the Al. G. Fields Minstrels, a touring theatrical group. After a stint as an arranger for Remick Music Co. from 1927 to 1928, he moved to Hollywood, finding work as a staff composer and arranger at Paramount Pictures. Starting as a music librarian under music department head Nat W. Finston, Leipold would select stock music to accompany films, often adding his own original compositions. During the 1930s and 1940s he often went uncredited when supplying additional music or arrangements for films scored by Frederick Hollander, Victor Young, and others. His work on two films with the Marx Brothers went uncredited. He was one of four composers to receive an Academy Award for Music Scoring for ...