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date: 29 January 2020


  • Kenneth Kleszynski


An American style of hip-hop music associated with New Orleans, Louisiana. Bounce is oriented toward dancing, with performers calling out dance steps or prompting replies from the audience. Musical characteristics include call-and-response based upon repeated hooks, chants (influenced largely by Mardi Gras Indians), and brass-band music (regularly used for samples). Bounce features highly syncopated grooves often based on the “Triggerman beat,” which is sampled from sources such as “Drag Rap” by the Showboys, “Brown Beat” by Cameron Paul, and “Rock the Beat” by Derek B. Much. Bounce is tied to specific New Orleans neighborhoods, its most common performance venues being clubs and large, outdoor, working-class parties. Lyrics often refer to these neighborhoods as well as cultural practices and explicitly sexual topics.

The term “bounce” appeared as early as 1968 on the Imperial album Urban Blues: New Orleans Bounce, referencing the city’s long association with dance music. The term’s usage in hip hop, however, can be traced to ...

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