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“Contraband Children Dancing the Breakdown,” Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper, January 31, 1863.

“Contraband Children Dancing the Breakdown,” Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper, January 31, 1863.

Courtesy American Antiquarian Society

Robert Nathanial Dett’s opera The Ordering of Moses, performed by the National Negro Opera Company, Washington, D.C., 1950.

Robert Nathanial Dett’s opera The Ordering of Moses, performed by the National Negro Opera Company, Washington, D.C., 1950.

National Negro Opera Company Collection, Music Division, Library of Congress

Singing at demonstration at Bethel AME Church, Cambridge, Maryland, led by Stanley Branche (NAACP), Reginald Robinson (Student Non-Violent Coordinating), Gloria Richardson (Cambridge Non-Violent Action Committee), and Phillip H. Savage (NAACP) , 1963.

Singing at demonstration at Bethel AME Church, Cambridge, Maryland, led by Stanley Branche (NAACP), Reginald Robinson (Student Non-Violent Coordinating), Gloria Richardson (Cambridge Non-Violent Action Committee), and Phillip H. Savage (NAACP) , 1963.

AP Photo/Willliam A. Smith

Aretha Franklin, 1960s.

Aretha Franklin, 1960s.

D. Hunstein/Lebrecht Music and Arts

Jay-Z and Beyoncé, 2006.

Jay-Z and Beyoncé, 2006.

Reuters/Mario Anzuoni/Landov

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Black Perspective in Music
Ethnomusicology