Clayton, Buck [Wilbur Dorsey]
- Marc Rice
(b Parsons, KS, Nov 12, 1911; d New York, NY, Dec 8, 1991). American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, composer, and arranger. He grew up in a musical family, picking up trumpet at the age of 16. After playing in several ensembles in California, he took a band to Shanghai, China, in 1934 and in doing so became one of the first jazz musicians to visit Asia. There he worked with the composer Li Jinhui. After returning to the United States in 1936, Clayton traveled to Kansas City, where he joined the Count Basie Orchestra during its now-famous run at the Reno that year. Following service in the army (1943–6), Clayton performed for 32 years, maintaining New York as a base and playing at the Café Society, the Savoy Ballroom (with Jimmy Rushing), and the Newport Jazz Festival. In addition he toured Europe in the 1950s, Japan and Australia in ...