Concert jazz [symphonic jazz]
- Ryan Raul Bañagale
A term referring to music that combines jazz and classical compositional elements. The tendency emerged before jazz was identified as such in works that draw on African American song and dance idioms, including Antonín Dvořák’s Symphony no. 9 (1893), Frederick Delius’s Appalachia (1902–03, subtitled “Variations on an Old Slave Song”), Rubin Goldmark’s Negro Rhapsody (1919–20), and Darius Milhaud’s ballet La creátion du monde (1923).
In the 1920s the genre became known as symphonic jazz, a term often credited to Paul Whiteman. The bandleader commissioned a large number of such works for his own ensemble, including George Gershwin’s Rhapsody in Blue (1924), often identified as the quintessential example of the genre. In the wake of that work’s celebrated premiere a symphonic-jazz vogue emerged that crested in the late 1920s but remained active for another 20 years. Ferde Grofé, who orchestrated Rhapsody in Blue...