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date: 09 December 2019

Confederate musiclocked

  • Ernest Lawrence Abel


Music of the Confederacy. When the Civil War broke out in 1861, the South, like the North, had its musicians, song writers, and music publishers, although they were far fewer in number. Nevertheless, during the four years of the war, more than two thousand songs were published in the South alone; a new song for every day of the four-year conflict.

The Confederacy’s most prominent publishers were Armand E. Blackmar (New Orleans, Augusta), Joseph Bloch (Mobile), John W. Davies & Son (Richmond), B. Duncan and Co. (Columbia), Geo. Gunn & co. (Richmond), James A. McClure (Nashville), John C. Schreiner & Son (Macon and Savannah), Julian Selby (Columbia), and Philip P. Werlein (New Orleans). The earliest sheet music issued by these publishers was lavishly illustrated, but materials and paper were soon in short supply. By 1862 the paper was thinner, pages were smaller, and illustrations were omitted.

A considerable number of the published songs were understandably patriotic. The Confederacy’s unofficial national anthem was “Dixie”; ironically, it was written by a Northerner, Daniel Decatur Emmett, in New York in ...

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