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date: 15 November 2019


  • Edward Komara


Record company. Dial Records was founded in 1946 in Hollywood, California by Ross Russell (1909–2000) with the assistance of lawyer Marvin Freeman. It was established to record bebop jazz, with Charlie Parker as its central artist. From 1946 through 1948 it held 16 recording sessions, with Parker (with sidemen Miles Davis and Max Roach), Dizzy Gillespie, Howard McGhee, Serge Chaloff (with fellow Woody Herman bandmembers), Erroll Garner, Earl Coleman, Dexter Gordon, Wardell Gray, and Dodo Marmorosa. The 1944–5 Comet label sessions and two 1945 Melrose sessions were purchased by Dial for reissue, and additional recordings were leased from the European labels Blue Star and Vogue. Since 1970, the surviving Dial jazz recording takes have been reissued by Spotlite Records.

Russell moved Dial to New York in 1947. Two years later he accepted as a trade from Blue Star a recording of Pierre Dervaux conducting Schoenberg’s Chamber Symphony op.9. The resulting Dial Library of Contemporary Classics issued 19 LPs, presenting compositions by Schoenberg, Alban Berg, Anton Webern, Béla Bartók, Igor Stravinsky, Olivier Messiaen, André Jolivet, Cage, and Hovhaness. Another Dial series issued eight LPs of calypso music recorded in the West Indies during spring ...

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