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date: 15 November 2019

Estes, Simon (Lamont)locked

  • Martin Bernheimer
  • , revised by Alan Blyth
  •  and Karen M. Bryan



(b Centerville, IA, Feb 2, 1938). American bass-baritone. He studied with Charles Kellis at the University of Iowa, and after further training at the Juilliard School sang at the Deutsche Oper, Berlin (debut as Ramfis in Aida), at Lübeck, and at Hamburg. His success at the first Tchaikovsky Vocal Competition in Moscow (1966) led to engagements in both North America and Europe, including the role of Carter Jones in Schuller’s The Visitation for San Francisco (1967). In 1978 he became the first black male artist to take a major role at Bayreuth when he sang the title role in Der fliegende Holländer, a performance of astonishing presence, preserved on video. Estes made his Metropolitan debut in 1982 as the Landgrave in Tannhäuser. Among his other roles were Philip II, Wotan (at Berlin and the Metropolitan), Oroveso, Boris, John the Baptist, Porgy (including the first Metropolitan performances of Gershwin’s work, ...

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Black Perspective in Music