- Frank Merkling
- , revised by Karen M. Bryan
(b Wallsend, nr Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, May 23, 1942). American opera administrator of English birth; naturalized American. He studied at Trinity College of Music, London. He worked in artists’ management in London, 1965–9, then immigrated to the United States, where he became artistic administrator of the Santa Fe Opera (until 1978). He founded the Opera Theatre of St. Louis with Colin Graham in 1976 and served as its general director until 1985. The company mounted productions of Albert Herring for WNET and BBC television (1978) and, as part of a six-year Mozart cycle, Così fan tutte directed by Jonathan Miller (1982); it also became the first American company to perform at the Edinburgh Festival (1983, with Stephen Paulus’s The Postman Always Rings Twice).
Gaddes returned to Santa Fe in 1988 as the director of the Young Artists’ Program. Ten years later he became General Director, a position he held until ...