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date: 13 November 2019

Freund, John Christian locked

  • William McClellan
  •  and William E. Hettrick


(b London, England, Nov 22, 1848; d Mount Vernon, NY, June 3, 1924). American music and music-trade journalist of English birth. While a student at Oxford University, he wrote a play and started a literary magazine. He came to New York in 1871 and edited several non-musical publications before he founded, in November 1875, The Music Trade Review (later The Musical and Dramatic Times and Music Trade Review). A facile writer, he had a sensational style, as revealed in his continued attacks (1875–1878) on Joseph P. Hale, the commercial piano manufacturer. Living beyond his means, Freund suffered financial ruin early in 1880; he fled New York, avoiding his creditors and abandoning his first wife. He reappeared the following year as editor of two non-musical periodicals whose runs were short. In early 1882 Freund returned to music journalism with Music: a Review (later Music & Drama: a Review...

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