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date: 16 October 2019


  • Raymond F. Kennedy,
  • Cynthia B. Sajnovsky
  •  and Barbara B. Smith


The southernmost of the Marianas Islands and the largest island in Micronesia; its area is 541 sq. km. It became a port of call for the Spanish Manila Galleon, an annual expedition from 1565 to 1815 between the Philippines and Mexico. In 1899, after the end of the Spanish colonial administration, Guam became an American naval base and later a territory of the United States. The population of Guam (180,692 in US Census 2000) includes inhabitants of indigenous extraction (Chamorro), Filipinos, Americans from the mainland, Carolinian and Marshallese islanders, Korean, Chinese, and Japanese. The Chamorro population was almost annihilated through war and disease during the 17th century; their demise was accompanied by the growth of a mixed population produced chiefly through intermarriage between Chamorros and Spaniards or Filipinos, and of a hybrid culture including Roman Catholicism and some Hispanic elements.

The only documents concerning music for over 150 years after Ferdinand Magellan’s ...

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