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date: 15 January 2021

Intertextuality (USA)locked

  • J. Peter Burkholder


A term coined by literary critic Julia Kristeva that encompasses the entire range of interrelationships between texts, from direct incorporation or reworking through shared conventions or language. It posits a view of texts as responses to other texts, embedded in a perpetual stream of interrelated texts. Applied to music since the 1980s, it is a broader term than Borrowing in American music, which typically focuses on the use in one piece of one or more elements taken from another. By embracing everything from Quotation to stylistic Allusion in American music and use of conventions, an intertextual approach can address the entire range of ways a musical work refers to or draws on other musical works. Some writers propose a more limited definition, using “intertextuality” for direct incorporation and “hypertextuality” for other forms of modeling a new text on an existing one (Lacasse, 2000).

The related terms “intertexturality” (Hertz, 1993...

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