Kingston Trio, the
- Richard D. Driver
American folk group. It was formed in 1957 in San Francisco, California by Dave Guard (b 19 Oct 1934; d 22 March 1991; guitar, banjo), Bob Shane (b 1 Feb 1934; vocals, guitar), and Nick Reynolds (b 27 July 1933; d 1 Oct 2008; guitar, bongos). Each member self-taught, the Trio enjoyed immense popularity and success between 1958–61. They are credited with sparking the Folk revival of the late 1950s and making the singer-songwriter viable in the music industry.
Guard and Shane grew up in Hawaii and played together in high school, later meeting Reynolds in California where they had both moved for college. After briefly returning to Hawaii to pursue a solo career, Shane formed the Kingston Trio with Guard and Reynolds. In July 1957, the group became the headline act at San Francisco’s Purple Onion Club. Capitol Records signed the group and the Trio released their self-titled debut album in ...