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date: 21 November 2019


  • Jerome F. Weber


American record company and label. The company was owned by the firm Brunswick-Balke-Collender of Dubuque, Iowa, which was originally a piano manufacturer but by this time was primarily involved in producing bowling and billiards equipment. Records were first issued in 1916; four years later the company released its first discs manufactured using lateral cutting methods. Among the jazz musicians who recorded with the company during its early years were the Original Memphis Five (under the pseudonym the Cotton Pickers) and Fletcher Henderson. Around November 1924 the company acquired Vocalion from the Aeolian Co.; it operated the two labels separately, but with considerable interchange of material and cataloguing. The resulting confusion of issues and matrix numbers continues to perplex discographers. Although it recorded such vaudeville blues singers as Rosa Henderson and Lena Wilson in 1923–4, Brunswick did not have a race series (see Race record ) as such until the launch of its 7000s in ...

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The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz