- Boris Schwarz
- , revised by Jonathan Kuuskoski
(b Włocławek, Poland, June 1, 1909; d Toyama, Japan, July 19, 1993). Polish violinist and conductor, naturalized American. He began violin lessons at the age of seven in Warsaw with Mieczyslaw Michałowicz, before moving to Berlin in 1917, where his principal teacher was carl Flesch . In 1921 he made his debut in Warsaw. After an appearance with the Berlin PO in 1924, playing concertos by Bach, Joachim, and Paganini, and a recital tour through Germany, he was appointed leader of the Dresden PO in 1925. Wilhelm Furtwängler then chose him to be concertmaster of the Berlin PO, a post he held from 1929 to 1934. During that time he formed a string trio with Paul Hindemith and Emanuel Feuermann. From 1934 he toured Europe and East Asia as a soloist and as a sonata partner with Lili Kraus. He made his New York debut in 1938. Having been taken prisoner by the Japanese in Java in ...