Hurok [Gurkov], Sol(omon Israelovich)
- Harlow Robinson
(b Pogar, Russia, ?April 9, 1888; d New York, NY, March 5, 1974). American impresario and manager. Hurok left Russia in 1906 and settled in New York, where he progressed from organizing left-wing political events in Brooklyn to presenting prominent musicians (such as violinists Efrem Zimbalist and Mischa Elman) and dancers (such as Anna Pavlova, Isadora Duncan, and Michel Fokine) at Carnegie Hall and the Hippodrome. In 1921–2 Hurok presented Russian bass Fyodor Chaliapin in a series of highly publicized appearances in the United States; their collaboration lasted until 1927. During the 1930s Hurok concentrated primarily on dance presentations, and introduced audiences across the United States to classical ballet through extensive tours by such companies as the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo. These tours also introduced a wide audience to ballet music, including new scores by Nicolas Nabokov and Vladimir Dukelsky.
Hurok tirelessly sought out new and up-and-coming musical talent throughout the United States, Europe, and the USSR. One of his most celebrated “discoveries” was the African American contralto Marian Anderson. The recital she gave under Hurok’s management at Town Hall in New York in ...