- J. Richard Haefer
Encompassing the states of Arizona and New Mexico and parts of California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Oklahoma, and Texas, the Southwest has a long history of musicality from pre-European contact through Spanish settlement, territorial days, and early and modern statehood. Interaction and acculturation of these early musical influences can be seen in parts of the music culture of the Southwest at the beginning of the 21st century. It is one of the most culturally and musically diverse areas of the country.
That pre-contact Native American musics helped to regulate the relation of man to the supernatural in a variety of ways is seen in the diversity of native cultures in the area, many of whose ceremonies are described in the entries for the specific culture: the agricultural Pueblo Indians (Hopi , Zuni , Tewa , Tiwa); the nomadic southern Plains tribes (Comanche , Kiowa ); the rancheria hunter-gather-fishers (Pima (Akimel O’odham), tohono O’odham ...