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date: 16 November 2019

Ainsworth, Henry locked

  • H. Wiley Hitchcock


(b Swanton Morley, Norfolk, England, 1570; d Amsterdam, Netherlands, c1622–3). English minister and biblical scholar. Ainsworth was expatriated as a “Brownist” in 1593 and settled in Amsterdam in 1597. He was the author of a number of religious tracts and translations, including The Book of Psalmes: Englished both in Prose and Metre. With Annotations (1612, 5/1644). This psalter, which includes 39 monophonic psalm tunes, “most taken from our former Englished psalms [and also] the gravest and easiest tunes of the French and Dutch psalms,” was brought by the Pilgrim settlers to the Plymouth Colony in 1620, and was used in public worship until 1692, thereby establishing the tradition of Psalmody in New England. By the late 17th century, however, it was no longer in use there, having been replaced by the Bay Psalm Book (1640) and other psalters.

See also Psalms, metrical (USA)...

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Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford, 1885-1901, suppls., 1901-96)
S. Sadie and J. Tyrell, eds.: The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (2/London, 2001)