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date: 06 May 2021

Glass, Philip locked

  • Edward Strickland
  • , revised by Mark Alburger


(b Baltimore, MD, Jan 31, 1937). American composer, performer, and producer. Along with Young, Riley and Reich, he was a principal figure in the establishment of minimalism in the 1960s. Glass has since become one of the most commercially successful, and critically revered and reviled, composers of his generation.

He began to study the violin at the age of six, then at eight the flute with Britton Johnson at Peabody Conservatory. At 15 he started composing, while taking harmony lessons with Louis Cheslock and working in his father’s record shop after school. He left school at 15 for the University of Chicago (BA in Liberal Arts 1956) under their early entrance program. In Chicago he studied piano with Marcus Raskin, who introduced him to 12-tone music, which he adopted but then abandoned by graduation. In 1956–7 he took extension courses at the Juilliard School, and then returned to Baltimore for nine months to earn enough money as a crane operator at Bethlehem Steel to finance formal Juilliard studies. He enrolled in late ...

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