Art Ensemble of Chicago [AEC]
- Michael Baumgartner
Avant-garde jazz and new-music ensemble formed in Paris in 1969 by the trumpeter Lester Bowie (b Frederick, MD, 11 Oct 1941; d New York, NY, 9 Nov 1999), the saxophonists Roscoe Mitchell (b Chicago, IL, 3 Aug 1940) and Joseph Jarman (b Pine Bluff, AR, 14 Sept 1937), and the bass player Malachi Favors (b Lexington, MS, 22 Aug 1927; d Chicago, IL, 30 Jan 2004). The drummer Famoudou Don Moye (b Rochester, NY, 23 May 1946) joined the following year. Having collaborated in the Experimental Band (formed in 1961) and its successor the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (1965), Mitchell, Jarman, and Favors founded the Roscoe Mitchell Sextet (1966), which they renamed the Roscoe Mitchell Art Ensemble (1967) and finally the AEC during an 18-month tenure in France (1969–71...