- Frederick Crane,
- Rita H. Mead
- and Carol Neuls-Bates
Town in upstate New York, United States. It gave its name to the Chautauqua Institution, founded there in 1874; this in turn inspired the Chautauqua movement, a network of assemblies that spread across the United States during the late 19th century and the early 20th.
The original Chautauqua Institution was founded by John Heyl Vincent (1832–1920) and Lewis Miller (1829–99) as a training camp for Sunday school teachers of the Methodist Episcopal Church. The first Chautauqua Assembly in 1876 also included members of other denominations. Two years after the institute’s founding, other assemblies around the country began to imitate it, often calling themselves Chautauquas and offering similar programs of summer education, entertainment, and recreation. The early assemblies combined the religious fervor of the revival camp meeting with lectures and study groups; music, at first mostly sacred but later increasingly secular as well, was an important element in the programs....