Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 15 December 2019

Scratchinglocked

  • Will Fulton

Extract

A hip-hop music technique of creating musical sounds using a turntable by manually pulling and pushing a record rapidly under the phonograph’s stylus. Scratching is commonly thought to have been invented c1975 by GrandWizzard Theodore [Theodore Livingston] (b 1962), then a protégé of DJ Grandmaster Flash (b 1958). Flash, DJ Jazzy Jay (b 1961), Red Alert [Fred Crute] (b 1956), and others popularized the technique at community events in the 1970s as part of a crowd-pleasing DJ performance called “scratch-and-mix.”

Scratching is often used in two ways: what Flash called “the rub,” in which a DJ prepares to transition from one record to another by rubbing the record back and forth in an 8th- or 16th-note pattern before releasing the record spin in tempo; and what is sometimes described as “cutting,” which involves adding an improvised rhythm atop an established groove to create a new polyrhythmic layer. Both techniques pair the use of the turntable with a mixer, allowing the DJ to render only desired sounds audible and create more intricate rhythmic patterns....

You do not currently have access to this article

Login

Please login to access the full content.

Subscribe

Please subscribe to access the full content.