Sex, sexuality in American music
- Fred Everett Maus
The term “sex” has several meanings. In one meaning, biological categories of male and female are categories of sex, as in “secondary sex characteristics.” Social theorists often distinguish between biological sex and gender , where gender differences are culturally variable attributes associated with biological sex. Gender difference is an object of historical and cross-cultural study and, because it seems changeable, a possible area of social/political analysis and change. The degree to which biology determines differences between women and men has been an area of debate. Judith Butler has argued that any proposed categories of sex difference are already shaped by political commitments; emphasis on a purported biological distinction between male and female may derive from a commitment to the naturalness of heterosexuality. Some researchers in fields such as biology, psychology, and sociology have argued for substantial natural sex difference, independent of social or political conventions.
In a different usage, “sex” refers to sexual activities, with reproductive sex or heterosexual intercourse often taken as the central example. In this usage, “sex” is conceptually close to “sexuality.” Sometimes sexuality indicates sexual reproduction in any organism. In the ...