Crosby, Stills & Nash [CSN; Crosby, Stills, Nash, and Young; CSNY]
- Olivia Carter Mather
Folk-rock group. Its original three members were singer-songwriters and guitarists who had previously been in folk-rock and pop groups: David Crosby (the Byrds), Stephen Stills (Buffalo Springfield), and Graham Nash (the Hollies). The group sometimes included Neil Young (when its name became Crosby, Stills, Nash, and Young), who had played with Stills in Buffalo Springfield. The most distinctive and unifying aspect of their sound is three-part (and sometimes four-part) vocal harmonizing. Their arrangements require virtuosity in both harmonic changes and rhythm; an example is “Déjà Vu” (Atlantic, 1970) a song with chord changes and meter uncommon in rock. All members sing lead and harmony vocals. From the beginning the band were closely tied to the counterculture through their live performances, liberal politics, and musical style. They performed at Woodstock and the Altamont Free Concert in 1969; the same year they released a self-titled debut album (Crosby, Stills & Nash...