- Daniel Party
Bolero trio. The most renowned ensemble of its kind, Los Panchos was formed in New York City in 1944 by three singer-guitarists, Mexicans Jesús “Chucho” Navarro and Alfredo “Güero” Gil, and Puerto Rican Hernando Avilés. Los Panchos’s lasting contribution lies in their Bolero arranging and performance style. Los Panchos performed with three independent voices, a lead on top and two supporting lines underneath, accompanied by two guitars and a requinto, a small classical guitar tuned a fourth higher than a standard guitar that was invented by Gil to play virtuosic melodic lead in introductions and interludes. A rhythm section of claves, maracas, and bongos was often included but not placed in the foreground. The continental popularity they achieved through touring, recordings, and film led to the standardization of the trio format for bolero performance. Throughout the Americas countless bolero trios were formed following their lead. In 1951 Avilés left the group, and Los Panchos continued to record and tour with a string of lead singers, including Raúl Shaw Moreno (...