Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 02 March 2021

Black Arts Movementlocked

  • Tammy L. Kernodle


The Black Arts Movement is most commonly referred to as the artistic arm of the Black Power Movement. Although it has largely been referred to as a literary movement—due in large part to the impact of writers such as Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones), Larry Neal, and Nikki Giovanni—the movement’s goals were also advanced by musicians, painters, photographers and filmmakers. Aesthetically and philosophically the movement and its leaders sought to articulate and represent, through various forms of artistic expression, the diverse cultural and historical phenomenon that have shaped the African American experience. Its beginnings can be traced to the assassination of Malcolm X (El Hajj Malik El-Shabazz) in 1965. Jones and Neal, both black nationalists, called out to artists to join the black liberation movement and work toward creating a decidedly “black” art that would appeal both to the masses and those within the academy by drawing heavily from an Afrocentric cultural tradition. Many avant-garde jazz artists, including John Coltrane, Albert Ayler, and Archie Shepp, among others, embraced the tenets of the movement. A ...

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.