- Dominic McHugh
Comedy team in musical theater and film. The Marx Brothers included: Chico [Leonard] (b New York, NY, 22 March 1887; d Hollywood, CA, 11 Oct 1961); Harpo [Adolph, later Arthur] (b New York, NY, 23 Nov 1888; d Los Angeles, CA, 28 Sept 1964); Groucho [Julius] (b New York, NY, 2 Oct 1890; d Los Angeles, CA, 19 Aug 1977); Gummo [Milton] (b New York, NY, 23 Oct 1893; d Palm Springs, CA, 21 April 1977); and Zeppo [Herbert] (b New York, NY, 25 Feb 1901; d Palm Springs, CA, 30 Nov 1979).
The world-famous Jewish American comedy team consisting of five brothers enjoyed a career on stage and screen that lasted roughly half a century. The principals were Chico, Harpo, and Groucho; Gummo left the act before they made any films, while Zeppo appeared in only the first five films. Each brother had a distinctive persona: Chico adopted a fake Italian accent and was a ladies’ man; Harpo was mute, wore a red wig, and was clownish; Groucho was renowned for his wit, brandished a cigar, and had a painted-on moustache; and Zeppo was the straight man....