- Mark Gilbert
A style of music, initiated in the 1960s, which combined the harmonic resources and improvising techniques of modern jazz with the instrumentation, rhythms, and idioms of rock music and funk (the latter denoting the popular style “funk” of this period, not the contemporaneous jazz style “funk,” which is also known as soul jazz and has its roots in hard bop). By the late 1970s “jazz-rock” had largely been replaced by the term “fusion,” which was also used to describe the blending of jazz with any other type of music, including folk, ethnic, and classical. However, despite this wider definition, fusion is still most often thought of as a highly amplified mixture of jazz with rock and funk, and the terms jazz-rock and fusion may be used interchangeably. From the late 1980s the term “electric jazz” was also often used, perhaps to avoid the stigma of commercial and artistic compromise which had become attached to “fusion.”...